Scientific Work


Publishing Ethics of International Review (IR)
The ethical policy of International Review (IR) is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines and complies with IR codes of conduct.
Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement:
1.Duties and Responsibilities of Authors
  • Submitted manuscript must be the original work of the author(s);
  • Only unpublished manuscript should be submitted;
  • It is unethical to submit a manuscript to more than one journal concurrently;
  • Any conflict of interest must be clearly stated;
  • Acknowledge the sources of data used in the development of the manuscript;
  • The submitting (corresponding) author is responsible for ensuring that the manuscript article's publication has been approved by all the other coauthors;
  • All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.
2.Submission Declaration
Submission of an article implies that:
The work described is authentic and valid and that neither this manuscript nor one with considerably similar content under this authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in other language, without the written consent the copy right holder.

3.Duties and Responsibilities of Reviewers
  • The Reviewers of the journal should assist the Editors in taking the decision for publishing the submitted manuscripts;
  • The Reviewers should maintain the confidentiality of manuscripts, which they are invited to review;
  • The Reviewers should provide comments in time that will help editors to make decision on the submitted manuscript to be published or not;
  • The Reviewers comments against each invited manuscript should be technical, professional and objective;
  • The Reviewers should disclose and try to avoid any conflict of interest.

4.Duties and Responsibilities of Editors
Editors of IR must confirm the following:
  • That all manuscript are evaluated in fairness based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenry nor political values of authors;
  • The Editorial Board takes responsibility for making publication decisions for submitted manuscript based on the reviewer’s evaluation of the manuscript, policies of the journal editorial board and legal restrain acting against plagiarism, libel and copyright infringement;
  • Preserve anonymity of reviewers.
5.Publishing ethics issues
  • Monitoring/safeguarding publishing ethics by editorial board;
  • Guidelines for retracting articles;
  • Maintain the integrity of the academic record;
  • Preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards;
  • Always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.
  • no plagiarism, no fraudulent data.
5.1.Plagiarism Detection
Plagiarism occurs when someone presents the work of others (data, text, or theories) as if it was his/her own without proper acknowledgment.To help discover potential misconduct in the form of plagiarism or duplicate/redundant at submission stage,IR is offering similarity (“plagiarism”) detection software (Thenticate).

5.2.Duplicate submission / publication and redundant publication
Translations of articles without proper permission or notification and resubmission of previously published Open Access articles are considered duplications.

5.3.Citation Manipulation
Citation Manipulation is including excessive citations, in the submitted manuscript, that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article and have been included solely for the purpose of increasing citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal. This leads to misrepresenting the importance of the specific work and journal in which it appears and is thus a form of scientific misconduct.

6.Violation of Publication Ethics
Sanctions: In the event that there are documented violations,the following sanctions will be applied: (i) Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript, (ii)Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to the journal published by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript, (iii) Prohibition will be imposed for a minimum of 36 months against all of the authors for any new submissions to the journal, either individually or in combination with other authors of the infringing manuscript.